The URV study that warns that consuming ultra-processed foods causes gastrointestinal diseases
Eating ultra-processed foods grows some bacteria linked to inflammatory gastrointestinal diseasesaccording to one research of Human Nutrition Unit of the Rovira i Virgili University (URV) of Tarragonawhat has analyzed 641 patients with cardiovascular risk.
The work, which publishes the magazine Frontiers in Nutritionwarns that the production and consumption of ultra-processed foods has increased exponentially in recent decades and that Eating these foods in excess leads to a sometimes high consumption of sugars, salt and saturated fats.
In addition, according to the researchers, these are products that have been subjected to multiple industrial processes to which sweeteners, thickeners, colorings or taste enhancers are normally added.
Some scientific studies had already observed that these foods could modify the intestinal microbiota and explained, in part, some of these adverse effects on human health that have been observed in prospective studies on large population groups.
Now, URV researchers have determined that the consumption of this type of food is associated with a greater presence of specific bacteria in the human intestine related to inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases.
Reusenses and the rest of the country
In the study, they analyzed 641 elderly people with high cardiovascular risk who lived in Reus, Barcelona, Valencia and Malaga.
They classified the patients into three categories according to their consumption -low, medium or high- of ultra-processed foods, and, from analyzing their fecal samples, they obtained information on the composition of their intestinal microbiota using high-performance computational methods.
Thus, the researchers saw that people who belonged to the group of high consumption of ultra-processed foods showed a greater number of bacteria related to gastrointestinal diseases.
“This data suggests that diet and nutritional status are determining factors in human health through the change in the composition of the intestinal microbiota. The detection of unhealthy dietary patterns related to the profiles of the intestinal microbiota would be essential to understand the mechanisms of various diseases and for the design of future strategies for prevention and improvement in public health," according to the researchers.