Alcoholism declared itself a disease in 1963
Alcoholism was diagnosed as an incurable, progressive and fatal disease, since 1963 by the World Health Organization (WHO), within the United Nations Organization (UN). It is considered the main cause of the three and a half million deaths a year in the world, due to the traffic accidents it causes, as well as the injuries and disabilities that affect some 50 million people.
Alcoholism is defined, according to the WHO, "as any deterioration in the physical, mental or social functioning of a person, the nature of which allows a reasonable inference that alcohol is part of the causal link that causes said disorder."
World Alcohol Free Day is celebrated every November 15, with the aim of raising awareness among the world population about the physical and psychological damage caused by the consumption of this type of substance in our body.
In this regard, the WHO implemented the Global Information System on Alcohol and Health, to manage data referring to the intensity and characteristics of the consumption of alcoholic beverages, its health and social consequences, as well as the implementation of relevant policies.
According to experts, excessive alcohol consumption causes a series of risks and consequences for health, generating more than 200 diseases and physical and mental disorders. Among these: memory difficulties; heart and liver diseases; cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, colon, liver, larynx, and rectum; damage to the mucous membranes of the digestive system; increased blood pressure; strokes; violence and irritability; erection difficulties in men; or harm to the fetus during pregnancy (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome).