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Aragón promotes Caspe’s candidacy for the Cultural Heritage Seal

The Government of Aragon is finishing the candidacy file that it will present to the European Cultural Heritage Seal of the collegiate church and the castle of Caspe (Zaragoza) under the name ‘The Commitment of Caspe, symbol of the resolution of conflicts by way of Law’, whose term ends on the 15th of this monthas announced by the president, Javier Lambán, during the commemoration in this town of the Democratic Memory Day.

Once the file is completed, it will be the State that decides whether to present the candidacy to the Council of Europe, as the general director of Cultural Heritage, Mari Sancho Menjón, explained to the media, which would be endorsed in the next National Heritage Council.

The Commitment of Caspe, which in 1412 allowed the election of Fernando de Antequera as successor king of Martín I of Aragón, who died without issue and without naming an accepted successor, is a pioneering example in history of recourse to dialogue and consensus to solve a succession conflict, that until then had always been resolved through war and with this project the aim is to increase the European projection of the Caspe Commitment as a historical and cultural fact, improving its visibility and dissemination.

The mayor of Caspe, Pilar Mustieles, stressed that this Seal would mean “putting Caspe on the European map”, while highlighting “the pride” that the population supposes to have been the place where this historical event was celebrated , “something exemplary of how it was done and why it was done”.

Lambán, for his part, has valued the celebration in Caspe of this Democratic Memory Day for various historical events that have taken place in it.

It has recalled both the aerial bombardment that Mussolini perpetrated in Alcañiz in 1938 and the battle that took place in the Caspoli town between March 15 and 17 of that year against the advance of Franco’s troops and in which Bridagas Internacionales participated. , “men of different ideologies” who came to Spain to fight “for democracy” in one of the “most beautiful gestures from ethics, dignity and love of democracy” and for whom all tributes will always be “small “.

The president, who has condemned Russia’s war in Ukraine, has extolled the figure of these brigade members in the fight against fascism and has also recalled that a preliminary draft of the Statute of Autonomy was drawn up in Caspe in 1936, which turns 40 in 2022 , that if the Civil War had not broken out, Aragon would have become the fourth autonomous community of the Second Republic after Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia.

And a city that also hosted the Council of Aragon, an autonomous government body during the war until 1938, and population in which many other vestiges of democratic memory are preserved that have been traveled in the visit this Thursday.

Lambán has been proud to preside over the government that sent the Law of Democratic Memory of Aragon to the Cortes, which tries to “support the reconciliation between Spaniards and definitively close the open wounds” by the Civil War and that the victims “on both sides of the conflict should have the same treatment in terms of a decent burial”, which one party already had at the time, but not the other, and has recalled what they are trying to achieve the actions promoted by the Government of Aragon.

In this regard, he recalled that last year some 596,000 euros were invested in initiatives related to Democratic Memory, 196,000 from the central government, and that, in addition to the 200,000 allocated to memorial associations, for the first time another 200,000 have been allocated to exhumations that the Government of Aragon, through the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage, developed on its own initiative, “an effort that must continue in the future as well as the declaration of Places of Memory“.

Among these, it has announced that the declaration of the cemetery and common grave of the Ejea de los Caballeros City Council will soon be taken to the Governing Council and that they will continue with other locations. “Because, unfortunately, Aragón was an atrocious battlefield and there are many places that, for reasons of justice and reparation, meet the requirements to obtain this recognition”.

From the Government of Aragon they recall in a statement that last year the Barranco de la Bartolina, the Benabarre Prison, the Polvorín cave in Farlete, the Robres anti-aircraft shelter and the Cueva del Castillo in Monegrillo, the Tapia del Torrero Cemetery and the Tomb of María Domínguez, in the Fuendejalón Cemetery.

In addition, the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage It is also working on the declaration as places of memory of the routes of Torrero, the Cinca Line and the Ebro front in the area of ​​Fuentes de Ebro and Belchite.

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